Athena and Nike

The decorative elements of a classical building derive directly or indirectly from the architectural vocabulary of the ancient world. These elements are instantly recognisable. In ancient Greece three orders of architecture were used Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. But what is an order? It is columns sometimes supported on pedestals that carry beams with projections to support the eaves of a roof? The style of capital atop each column determines their arrangement architecturally.  Temples were erected following a human decision to consecrate a site to a god (who became the owner). Greek temples functioned differently from other places of worship. The cella, or great room inside contained a cult statue of the deity the temple was dedicated to. In this case it is The Parthenon on the Acropolis at Athens securing the Goddess Athena, who is thought to have held the goddess of victory Nike in her hand.

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