The decorative elements of a classical building derive directly or indirectly from the architectural vocabulary of the ancient world. These elements are instantly recognisable. In ancient Greece three orders of architecture were used Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. But what is an order? It is columns sometimes supported on pedestals that carry beams with projections to support the eaves of a roof? The style of capital atop each column determines their arrangement architecturally. Temples were erected following a human decision to consecrate a site to a god (who became the owner). Greek temples functioned differently from other places of worship. The cella, or great room inside contained a cult statue of the deity the temple was dedicated to. In this case it is The Parthenon on the Acropolis at Athens securing the Goddess Athena, who is thought to have held the goddess of victory Nike in her hand.
TagsAcropolisAncient WorldAthenaAthensCellaClassicalCorinthianDoricIonicNikeOrders of ArchitectureParthenonTemple
Carolyn McDowall FRSA has gained considerable experience and business acumen in her professional career. An independent cultural and social historian, Carolyn is an interior designer by trade. She has been involved in the creative sector for over thirty years in Australia; completing interior design projects, creating and producing innovative corporate and not-for profit (social profit) community events. She has over that time continuously conducted independent research , while designing, developing, and producing educational art and design history programs in conjunction with renowned specialist colleagues.
While passionate, unlike their posh artist predecessors the so-called French Impressionist painters (1874 – 1886), with a few exceptions, were mostly spectacularly poor. They wanted to provide an all-new view of life and not follow an old set of rules. They pulled away from the French Academy, whose focus was…