The most splendid of cities in the Greek classical world was Athens. whose streets sprawled haphazardly around the rock mass of the Acropolis (high place). It was a citadel and sacred precinct containing most of the cities most illustrious shrines and temples. Approximately 150 meters wide by 300 meters long the main axis was from east to west and it fell away steeply on the other three sides. At the centre of the Parthenon stood a 12-metre high great gold and ivory cult image created by Phidias of the cities patron Athena, Goddess of War and Patron of the Arts. The Temple was built to house her illustrious person. Celebrations to her took place on an altar outside the building. On her head Athena wore a triple crested helmet, in her right hand she held Nike the statue of victory and at her left side was a shield and sacred serpent. Armed with spear and aegis (a goatskin short coat) her armour feature a gorgon head at the centre with a fringe of snakes. Athena was patroness of spinning, weaving, embroidery and other similar household activities practiced by women. Her combination of ingenuity and warlike spirit led her to invent the war chariot. She was also blessed for the introduction of the olive tree. Her favourite animal was the owl and she is described traditionally as the goddess with grey eyes. A Virgin goddess, she also had a son through divine intervention.
Carolyn McDowall FRSA has gained considerable experience and business acumen in her professional career. An independent cultural and social historian, Carolyn is an interior designer by trade. She has been involved in the creative sector for over thirty years in Australia; completing interior design projects, creating and producing innovative corporate and not-for profit (social profit) community events. She has over that time continuously conducted independent research , while designing, developing, and producing educational art and design history programs in conjunction with renowned specialist colleagues.
During the first century before the Christ event a cultural mosaic confronted any Greek or Roman travelling through the Mediterranean area, including famous statues and monuments from various periods. The libraries were overflowing with scrolls containing Greek and Latin literary gems, the famous Greek tragedies written five centuries before Christ…