In an age of Modernity one of the most profound influences on design was the L’École des Beaux-arts in France. Founded in 1648 it included a number of influential elite schools, the best being at Paris. Its system of education was introduced into Britain early in the twentieth century amid scepticism, resentment and open hostility. The syllabus laid heavy emphasis on distinct, formalized planning in architecture and the Beaux Arts style was modeled on classical antiquities. It was a design education without parallel in any other European country. It aimed at being, and became a centre for intellectual debate about architecture for over two centuries. Its teaching program was conceived as a preparation for the design of public buildings teaching young architects to work up their designs through a series of project stages. The classical orders were only employed in the required correct proportion once the plan was fully developed.
Carolyn McDowall FRSA has gained considerable experience and business acumen in her professional career. An independent cultural and social historian, Carolyn is an interior designer by trade. She has been involved in the creative sector for over thirty years in Australia; completing interior design projects, creating and producing innovative corporate and not-for profit (social profit) community events. She has over that time continuously conducted independent research , while designing, developing, and producing educational art and design history programs in conjunction with renowned specialist colleagues.