Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BCE) said it is our task to become good men, or achieve the highest human good. But is that enough? How do we attain goodness without a sense of purpose or belief there is something more?  For centuries, when large parts of the earth were dominated by the absolute monarchies of the east, the Greeks were evolving their belief a man must be respected, not as the instrument of an all-powerful overlord, but for his own sake. Athenian statesman Pericles said ‘Each single one of our citizens in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to show himself the rightful lord and owner of his person, and do this moreover, with exceptional grace and versatility.’ This is what the Greeks meant by liberty. Their ingrained belief in everyone’s right to freedom was sustained by a deep respect for personal honour, and nurtured by a love of action.

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