A letter from Jane Austen (1775 – 1817) to her sister Cassandra in 1799 highlights the point, when a horse her brother purchased cost sixty guineas and the boy hired to look after him four pounds a year. Country houses provided a perfect setting for Jane’s novels; the interiors of which provided a backdrop of classic order with on centre stage, social folly. It was no ordinary time, in fact, Jane lived in one of the most eventful, colourful and thought by many tumultous and romantic of all eras in England. Her peers wanted aesthetic perfection in their houses, which were set in an almost equally perfect landscape urged on by their awareness of the ‘antique’. They were striving to emulate what was seen as the ideal – classical perfection. Because Jane mixed with the highest ranking families in the kingdom, her observations of real settings provided the raw material for her writing, and also chronicled some of the finest examples of England’s architectural past. Various examples of houses from different periods, such as Lyme Park posing as Mr Darcy’s divine Pemberley in Pride and Prejudice, had evolved from an earlier Jacobean House.
Carolyn McDowall FRSA has gained considerable experience and business acumen in her professional career. An independent cultural and social historian, Carolyn is an interior designer by trade. She has been involved in the creative sector for over thirty years in Australia; completing interior design projects, creating and producing innovative corporate and not-for profit (social profit) community events. She has over that time continuously conducted independent research , while designing, developing, and producing educational art and design history programs in conjunction with renowned specialist colleagues.
In 1528 Count Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529) wrote The Courtier, a manual for serious scholars and men of learning. It formed the basis for the ideologies surrounding the behaviour of gentlemen. He declared that a well-rounded man needed attainment’s in physical (sports and war) intellectual (education, literary and musical accomplishments) and…