Fashion is imposed on costume, dictating and reflecting the changes and concerns of a society in any one place at any one time. Since economics most often determine the development of the societies in question, its study cannot be neglected in this regard. During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Italy a great outpouring of art and economic growth was reflected in the textiles worn. There were rich tapestries, beautiful brocades with gold thread, and the legendary cloth of gold. An important aspect of this rebirth of humankind, or Renaissance, was the people’s pride in their physical beauty. This refinement of the art of pleasing, accentuated by clothing, was sustained by the love of luxurious materials, rich heavy stuffs, thick embroideries, sumptuous jewels and fragile lace, which were all a perfect setting for showing off superb jewels. They projected the people’s beliefs, both religious and spiritual, while conveying an image purely for purposes of personal status or, to accommodate a desire to be distinguished from others in a culture and its society. The growth of towns and enrichment of the mercantile classes meant that costume became a means for one class to demonstrate its rise, and for another to emphasize its jealously guarded preeminence.
Carolyn McDowall FRSA has gained considerable experience and business acumen in her professional career. An independent cultural and social historian, Carolyn is an interior designer by trade. She has been involved in the creative sector for over thirty years in Australia; completing interior design projects, creating and producing innovative corporate and not-for profit (social profit) community events. She has over that time continuously conducted independent research , while designing, developing, and producing educational art and design history programs in conjunction with renowned specialist colleagues.
One can find real beauty in the design style known as Biedermeier. While only short lived, it was suffused with truth and dignity in its ‘rigorous simplicity’. The style’s name is a play on the word Bieder, meaning unpretentious or plain, and Maieir, a German surname much like Smith or…