Throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in Europe many writers were in agreement that the origins of true nobility lay in the pursuit of wisdom and virtue. Ancient Greek philosopher and teacher of Alexander the Great Aristotle indicated that the eternal pattern of a good life, one which leading schools could aspire to teach, could be realised in different ways. A gentleman had to have a feel for virtue, a capacity to submit passion to reason, and a strong moral code that distinguished between virtue and vice, truth or falsehood. Aristotle in his Ethics had described magnificence as a virtue, saying it was a form of moderation, lying somewhere between extravagance and shabbiness.
Carolyn McDowall FRSA has gained considerable experience and business acumen in her professional career. An independent cultural and social historian, Carolyn is an interior designer by trade. She has been involved in the creative sector for over thirty years in Australia; completing interior design projects, creating and producing innovative corporate and not-for profit (social profit) community events. She has over that time continuously conducted independent research , while designing, developing, and producing educational art and design history programs in conjunction with renowned specialist colleagues.