The most usual style of wine drinking cup in ancient Greece was a Kylix a shallow two-handled bowl on a short stem whose beauty of shape was enhanced by the wonderful art of vase painters. A masterpiece of black figure painting is this famous kylix by Exekias. It depicts the god of wine Dionysus on a ship with Pirates, who tried to abduct him. He transformed them all into dolphins and made vine leaves spring from the mast to act as sails. Dionysus personified man’s earthly passions. He was the ancient Greek god of wild and fertile nature, of the vine and wine. As a child he was fed the wine from a cornucopia, or horn of plenty. Wine was mixed with water, one part to three; dilution with water was not only necessary but a much-needed economy to make wine last from one harvest to another.
Carolyn McDowall FRSA has gained considerable experience and business acumen in her professional career. An independent cultural and social historian, Carolyn is an interior designer by trade. She has been involved in the creative sector for over thirty years in Australia; completing interior design projects, creating and producing innovative corporate and not-for profit (social profit) community events. She has over that time continuously conducted independent research , while designing, developing, and producing educational art and design history programs in conjunction with renowned specialist colleagues.