Wine & Dionysus

The most usual style of wine drinking cup in ancient Greece was a Kylix a shallow two-handled bowl on a short stem whose beauty of shape was enhanced by the wonderful art of vase painters. A masterpiece of black figure painting is this famous kylix by Exekias. It depicts the god of wine Dionysus on a ship with Pirates, who tried to abduct him. He transformed them all into dolphins and made vine leaves spring from the mast to act as sails. Dionysus personified man’s earthly passions. He was the ancient Greek god of wild and fertile nature, of the vine and wine. As a child he was fed the wine from a cornucopia, or horn of plenty. Wine was mixed with water, one part to three; dilution with water was not only necessary but a much-needed economy to make wine last from one harvest to another.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.