Youthful Style

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries the economic and social forces, which underpinned Victorian stability, were shattered, Britain’s manufacturing power was threatened at home by industrial unrest and internationally by America, Germany and Japan. Growing feminist and socialist movements characterize this period as one of protracted crisis. The population of the U.K. was 41.5 million in 1901, 20% living in poverty. Emmelline Pankhurst founded the Women’s Social and Political Union in 1903 campaigning for women’s suffrage. The Children’s act of 1904 in England finally banned children working at night. The movements in art at this time are considered aspects of Modernism, a term the art community has adopted in recent years to describe the many and diverse styles of art and design created between 1880 and 1940. These include the Aesthetic Movement, English Arts & Crafts, French Art Nouveau, Wiener Werkstatte and Northern European Jugendstil (Youthful Style).

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